Offences against the National Veld and Forest Fires Act 1998:

The Act clearly outlines what is considered an offence and divides such offences into categories.
There are penalties listed where a person lights, uses or maintains a fire in the open air or in a road reserve, as well as concerning smokers.
It is an offence where a person on whose land a veldfire may start or burn or spread fails to prepare and maintain a firebreak on his or her side of the boundary with adjoining land or when an owner burns a firebreak when the local Fire Protection Association has objected.
When a fire breaks out on your own land and you fail to take reasonable steps to extinguish the fire, confine it to that land or prevent it from causing damage to property on adjoining land, you are liable to a fine or imprisonment for two years.
It is an offence if you have reason to believe a fire on your land may endanger life, property or the environment but fails to notify the fire protection officer, or failing him or her, any member of the executive committee of the FPA if one exists for the area as well as the owners of adjoining land.
You are also liable to penalties if you fail to meet the standards of readiness for firefighting by not having the equipment, protective clothing and trained personnel for extinguishing fires.
An owner on whose land a veldfire may start or burn or spread fails to meet the standards of readiness for firefighting by not ensuring that in their absence, a responsible person will be present on or near their land who if there is a fire will extinguish it or assist in doing so; alert the owners of adjoining land and the FPA if there is one, is also committing an offence.
The Act also states the offences that may occur if a fire breaks out on adjoining land or people do not co-operate with firefighting personnel.

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